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    Two sources of the Russian patrilineal heritage in their Eurasian context

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    Reference Type: Journal Article

    Record Number: 7

    Author: O. Balanovsky, S. Rootsi, A. Pshenichnov, T. Kivisild, M. Churnosov, I. Evseeva, E. Pocheshkhova, M. Boldyreva, N. Yankovsky, E. Balanovska and R. Villems

    Year: 2008

    Title: Two sources of the Russian patrilineal heritage in their Eurasian context

    Journal: Am J Hum Genet

    Volume: 82

    Issue: 1

    Pages: 236-50

    Epub Date: 2008/01/09

    Date: Jan

    Short Title: Two sources of the Russian patrilineal heritage in their Eurasian context

    ISSN: 1537-6605 (Electronic)

    DOI: S0002-9297(07)00025-0 [pii], 10.1016/j.ajhg.2007.09.019,

    Accession Number: 18179905

    Keywords: Asian Continental Ancestry Group/*genetics, *Chromosomes, Human, Y, Ethnic Groups, European Continental Ancestry Group/*genetics, Genetics, Population, Humans, Russia,

    Abstract: Progress in the mapping of population genetic substructure provides a core source of data for the reconstruction of the demographic history of our species and for the discovery of common signals relevant to disease research: These two aspects of enquiry overlap in their empirical data content and are especially informative at continental and subcontinental levels. In the present study of the variation of the Y chromosome pool of ethnic Russians, we show that the patrilineages within the pre-Ivan the Terrible historic borders of Russia have two main distinct sources. One of these antedates the linguistic split between West and East Slavonic-speaking people and is common for the two groups; the other is genetically highlighted by the pre-eminence of haplogroup (hg) N3 and is most parsimoniously explained by extensive assimilation of (or language change in) northeastern indigenous Finno-Ugric tribes. Although hg N3 is common for both East European and Siberian Y chromosomes, other typically Siberian or Mongolian hgs (Q and C) have negligible influence within the studied Russian Y chromosome pool. The distribution of all frequent Y chromosome haplogroups (which account for 95% of the Y chromosomal spectrum in Russians) follows a similar north-south clinal pattern among autosomal markers, apparent from synthetic maps. Multidimensional scaling (MDS) plots comparing intra ethnic and interethnic variation of Y chromosome in Europe show that although well detectable, intraethnic variation signals do not cross interethnic borders, except between Poles, Ukrainians, and central-southern Russians, thereby revealing their overwhelmingly shared patrilineal ancestry.

    Notes: Balanovsky, Oleg, Rootsi, Siiri, Pshenichnov, Andrey, Kivisild, Toomas, Churnosov, Michail, Evseeva, Irina, Pocheshkhova, Elvira, Boldyreva, Margarita, Yankovsky, Nikolay, Balanovska, Elena, Villems, Richard, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, United States, American journal of human genetics, Am J Hum Genet. 2008 Jan;82(1):236-50.,

    Author Address: Research Centre for Medical Genetics, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, 115478 Moscow, Russia. balanovsky@inbox.ru

    Language: eng