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    Y chromosomal heritage of Croatian population and its island isolates


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    Reference Type: Journal Article

    Record Number: 8

    Author: L. Barac, M. Pericic, I. M. Klaric, S. Rootsi, B. Janicijevic, T. Kivisild, J. Parik, I. Rudan, R. Villems and P. Rudan

    Year: 2003

    Title: Y chromosomal heritage of Croatian population and its island isolates

    Journal: Eur J Hum Genet

    Volume: 11

    Issue: 7

    Pages: 535-42

    Epub Date: 2003/06/26

    Date: Jul

    Short Title: Y chromosomal heritage of Croatian population and its island isolates

    ISSN: 1018-4813 (Print)

    DOI: 10.1038/sj.ejhg.5200992, 5200992 [pii],

    Accession Number: 12825075

    Keywords: *Chromosomes, Human, Y, Croatia, Gene Frequency, Haplotypes, Humans, Male, Phylogeny, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide,

    Abstract: Y chromosome variation in 457 Croatian samples was studied using 16 SNPs/indel and eight STR loci. High frequency of haplogroup I in Croatian populations and the phylogeographic pattern in its background STR diversity over Europe make Adriatic coast one likely source of the recolonization of Europe following the Last Glacial Maximum. The higher frequency of I in the southern island populations is contrasted with higher frequency of group R1a chromosomes in the northern island of Krk and in the mainland. R1a frequency, while low in Greeks and Albanians, is highest in Polish, Ukrainian and Russian populations and could be a sign of the Slavic impact in the Balkan region. Haplogroups J, G and E that can be related to the spread of farming characterize the minor part (12.5%) of the Croatian paternal lineages. In one of the southern island (Hvar) populations, we found a relatively high frequency (14%) of lineages belonging to P*(xM173) cluster, which is unusual for European populations. Interestingly, the same population also harbored mitochondrial haplogroup F that is virtually absent in European populations--indicating a connection with Central Asian populations, possibly the Avars.

    Notes: Barac, Lovorka, Pericic, Marijana, Klaric, Irena Martinovic, Rootsi, Siiri, Janicijevic, Branka, Kivisild, Toomas, Parik, Juri, Rudan, Igor, Villems, Richard, Rudan, Pavao, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, England, European journal of human genetics : EJHG, Eur J Hum Genet. 2003 Jul;11(7):535-42.,

    Author Address: Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, Croatia. lovorka@luka.inantro.hr

    Language: eng