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    Y-chromosome analysis of ancient Hungarian and two modern Hungarian-speaking populations from the Carpathian Basin


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    Reference Type: Journal Article

    Record Number: 24

    Author: B. Csanyi, E. Bogacsi-Szabo, G. Tomory, A. Czibula, K. Priskin, A. Csosz, B. Mende, P. Lango, K. Csete, A. Zsolnai, E. K. Conant, C. S. Downes and I. Rasko

    Year: 2008

    Title: Y-chromosome analysis of ancient Hungarian and two modern Hungarian-speaking populations from the Carpathian Basin

    Journal: Ann Hum Genet

    Volume: 72

    Issue: Pt 4

    Pages: 519-34

    Epub Date: 2008/04/01

    Date: Jul

    Short Title: Y-chromosome analysis of ancient Hungarian and two modern Hungarian-speaking populations from the Carpathian Basin

    ISSN: 0003-4800 (Print)

    DOI: AHG440 [pii], 10.1111/j.1469-1809.2008.00440.x,

    Accession Number: 18373723

    Keywords: Chromosomes, Human, Y/*genetics, Ethnic Groups/classification/genetics, Europe, European Continental Ancestry Group/classification/*genetics, Genetic Variation, *Genetics, Population, Humans, Hungary, Language, Male, Phylogeny, Point Mutation, Polymorphism, Genetic, Sequence Analysis, DNA,

    Abstract: The Hungarian population belongs linguistically to the Finno-Ugric branch of the Uralic family. The Tat C allele is an interesting marker in the Finno-Ugric context, distributed in all the Finno-Ugric-speaking populations, except for Hungarians. This question arises whether the ancestral Hungarians, who settled in the Carpathian Basin, harbored this polymorphism or not. 100 men from modern Hungary, 97 Szeklers (a Hungarian-speaking population from Transylvania), and 4 archaeologically Hungarian bone samples from the 10(th) century were studied for this polymorphism. Among the modern individuals, only one Szekler carries the Tat C allele, whereas out of the four skeletal remains, two possess the allele. The latter finding, even allowing for the low sample number, appears to indicate a Siberian lineage of the invading Hungarians, which later has largely disappeared. The two modern Hungarian-speaking populations, based on 22 Y-chromosomal binary markers, share similar components described for other Europeans, except for the presence of the haplogroup P*(xM173) in Szekler samples, which may reflect a Central Asian connection, and high frequency of haplogroup J in both Szeklers and Hungarians. MDS analysis based on haplogroup frequency values, confirms that modern Hungarian and Szekler populations are genetically closely related, and similar to populations from Central Europe and the Balkans.

    Notes: Csanyi, B, Bogacsi-Szabo, E, Tomory, Gy, Czibula, A, Priskin, K, Csosz, A, Mende, B, Lango, P, Csete, K, Zsolnai, A, Conant, E K, Downes, C S, Rasko, I, Comparative Study, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, England, Annals of human genetics, Ann Hum Genet. 2008 Jul;72(Pt 4):519-34. Epub 2008 Mar 27.,

    Author Address: Institute of Genetics, Biological Research Center of Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Temesvari krt. 62, H-6726, Szeged, Hungary. bernadett_csanyi@yahoo.com

    Language: eng