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    Differential Y-chromosome Anatolian influences on the Greek and Cretan Neolithic


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    Reference Type: Journal Article

    Record Number: 67

    Author: R. J. King, S. S. Ozcan, T. Carter, E. Kalfoglu, S. Atasoy, C. Triantaphyllidis, A. Kouvatsi, A. A. Lin, C. E. Chow, L. A. Zhivotovsky, M. Michalodimitrakis and P. A. Underhill

    Year: 2008

    Title: Differential Y-chromosome Anatolian influences on the Greek and Cretan Neolithic

    Journal: Ann Hum Genet

    Volume: 72

    Issue: Pt 2

    Pages: 205-14

    Epub Date: 2008/02/14

    Date: Mar

    Short Title: Differential Y-chromosome Anatolian influences on the Greek and Cretan Neolithic

    ISSN: 0003-4800 (Print)

    DOI: AHG414 [pii], 10.1111/j.1469-1809.2007.00414.x,

    Accession Number: 18269686

    Keywords: Analysis of Variance, Chromosomes, Human, Y/*genetics, Cluster Analysis, DNA Primers/genetics, *Emigration and Immigration, Ethnic Groups/*genetics, Greece, Haplotypes/genetics, History, Ancient, Humans, Male, *Phylogeny, *Polymorphism, Genetic, *Population Dynamics, Principal Component Analysis, Turkey,

    Abstract: The earliest Neolithic sites of Europe are located in Crete and mainland Greece. A debate persists concerning whether these farmers originated in neighboring Anatolia and the role of maritime colonization. To address these issues 171 samples were collected from areas near three known early Neolithic settlements in Greece together with 193 samples from Crete. An analysis of Y-chromosome haplogroups determined that the samples from the Greek Neolithic sites showed strong affinity to Balkan data, while Crete shows affinity with central/Mediterranean Anatolia. Haplogroup J2b-M12 was frequent in Thessaly and Greek Macedonia while haplogroup J2a-M410 was scarce. Alternatively, Crete, like Anatolia showed a high frequency of J2a-M410 and a low frequency of J2b-M12. This dichotomy parallels archaeobotanical evidence, specifically that while bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) is known from Neolithic Anatolia, Crete and southern Italy; it is absent from earliest Neolithic Greece. The expansion time of YSTR variation for haplogroup E3b1a2-V13, in the Peloponnese was consistent with an indigenous Mesolithic presence. In turn, two distinctive haplogroups, J2a1h-M319 and J2a1b1-M92, have demographic properties consistent with Bronze Age expansions in Crete, arguably from NW/W Anatolia and Syro-Palestine, while a later mainland (Mycenaean) contribution to Crete is indicated by relative frequencies of V13.

    Notes: King, R J, Ozcan, S S, Carter, T, Kalfoglu, E, Atasoy, S, Triantaphyllidis, C, Kouvatsi, A, Lin, A A, Chow, C-E T, Zhivotovsky, L A, Michalodimitrakis, M, Underhill, P A, Historical Article, England, Annals of human genetics, Ann Hum Genet. 2008 Mar;72(Pt 2):205-14.,

    Author Address: Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, 401 Quarry Road, Stanford, CA 94305-5722, USA.

    Language: eng