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    Y-chromosomal diversity suggests that Baltic males share common Finno-Ugric-speaking forefathers


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    Reference Type: Journal Article

    Record Number: 70

    Author: V. Laitinen, P. Lahermo, P. Sistonen and M. L. Savontaus

    Year: 2002

    Title: Y-chromosomal diversity suggests that Baltic males share common Finno-Ugric-speaking forefathers

    Journal: Hum Hered

    Volume: 53

    Issue: 2

    Pages: 68-78

    Epub Date: 2002/05/31

    Short Title: Y-chromosomal diversity suggests that Baltic males share common Finno-Ugric-speaking forefathers

    ISSN: 0001-5652 (Print)

    DOI: hhe53068 [pii],

    Accession Number: 12037406

    Keywords: Alleles, Estonia, Genetic Markers, *Genetic Variation, Humans, Language, Latvia, Lithuania, Male, *Y Chromosome,

    Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the genetic relationships between Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian men by studying Y-chromosomal variation in these people. METHODS: The allelic status of five deep-rooted marker loci (YAP, Tat, M9, 92R7 and SRY-1532) was determined for 346 Baltic males. On the basis of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) haplotypes, Y chromosomes were divided into six haplogroups, and the Baltic haplogroup distribution compared with that in 7 European reference populations. Haplogroup frequencies, diversities and genetic distances (F(ST) values) were calculated. The relationships between populations were further illustrated using Mantel test, neighbor-joining tree and principal-component map. RESULTS: We found the Indo-European-speaking Latvians and Lithuanians to be genetically very similar to the Finno-Ugric-speaking Estonians. When compared to the reference populations, Baltic males were most closely related to the Finno-Ugric-speaking Mari, followed by their Finnish and Slavonic neighbors. CONCLUSIONS: The genetic similarity existing between Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian men suggests that they originate from the same male founder population. Since the Baltic Y-chromosomal haplogroup distribution more closely resembles that of Finno-Ugric than Indo-European-speaking populations, we propose a hypothesis that Baltic males share a common Finno-Ugric ancestry.

    Notes: Laitinen, Virpi, Lahermo, Paivi, Sistonen, Pertti, Savontaus, Marja-Liisa, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Switzerland, Human heredity, Hum Hered. 2002;53(2):68-78.,

    Author Address: Department of Medical Genetics, Biomedical Institute, University of Turku, Finland. virlaiti@utu.fi

    Language: eng