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    Uniparental (mtDNA, Y-chromosome) polymorphisms in French Guiana and two related populations--implications for the region's colonization

    Reference Type: Journal Article

    Record Number: 9303

    Author: S. Mazieres, E. Guitard, E. Crubezy, J. M. Dugoujon, M. C. Bortolini, S. L. Bonatto, M. H. Hutz, E. Bois, F. Tiouka, G. Larrouy and F. M. Salzano

    Year: 2008

    Title: Uniparental (mtDNA, Y-chromosome) polymorphisms in French Guiana and two related populations--implications for the region's colonization

    Journal: Ann Hum Genet

    Volume: 72

    Issue: Pt 1

    Pages: 145-56

    Epub Date: 2007/08/30

    Date: Jan

    Short Title: Uniparental (mtDNA, Y-chromosome) polymorphisms in French Guiana and two related populations--implications for the region's colonization

    ISSN: 0003-4800 (Print)

    DOI: AHG392 [pii], 10.1111/j.1469-1809.2007.00392.x,

    Accession Number: 17725814

    Keywords: Base Sequence, *Chromosomes, Human, Y, DNA, Mitochondrial/*genetics, Emigration and Immigration, French Guiana, Genetic Markers, *Genetics, Population, Geography, Haplotypes, Humans, Indians, South American/classification/*genetics, *Polymorphism, Genetic, Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length, Sequence Analysis, DNA,

    Abstract: Blood samples collected in four Amerindian French Guiana populations (Palikur, Emerillon, Wayampi and Kali'na) in the early 1980s were screened for selected mtDNA and Y-chromosome length polymorphisms, and sequenced for the mtDNA hypervariable segment I (HVS-I). In addition, two other Amerindian populations (Apalai and Matsiguenga) were examined for the same markers to establish the genetic relationships in the area. Strong dissimilarities were observed in the distribution of the founding Amerindian haplogroups, and significant p-values were obtained from F(ST) genetic distances. Interpopulation similarities occurred mainly due to geography. The Palikur did not show obvious genetic similarity to the Matsiguenga, who speak the same language and live in a region from where they could have migrated to French Guiana. The African-origin admixture observed in the Kali'na probably derives from historical contacts they had with the Bushinengue (Noir Marron), a group of escaped slaves who now lead independent lives in a nearby region. This analysis has identified significant clues about the Amerindian peopling of the North-East Amazonian region.

    Notes: Mazieres, S, Guitard, E, Crubezy, E, Dugoujon, J-M, Bortolini, M C, Bonatto, S L, Hutz, M H, Bois, E, Tiouka, F, Larrouy, G, Salzano, F M, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, England, Annals of human genetics, Ann Hum Genet. 2008 Jan;72(Pt 1):145-56. Epub 2007 Aug 28.,

    Author Address: Laboratoire d'Anthropobiologie, FRE 2960 CNRS, Toulouse, France. stephanemazieres@voila.fr

    Language: eng